Catastrophic natural disasters and unforeseen events continue to endanger human lives as well as property. Besides leaving an indelible mark on humans, these disasters and extreme calamities damage property on a large scale. Every year, thousands of buildings are put to rubbles in a matter of a few minutes all over the world. Extreme weather conditions are increasing at an alarming rate and becoming more dreadful. Global warming has resulted in unaltered climate changes in the past couple of decades. Companies need to assemble a team to look into the problems and design more resilient building materials to sustain the buildings.
Climatic changes are affecting our lives and its severity is becoming more intense. To deal with such variations, everything from infrastructure to planning and execution has to be redesigned. Years of work and huge amounts of investments just to down the drain as the weather conditions continue to worsen. Land use should be improved, building laws strengthened and building codes updated. From windstorms and floods to heat waves and drought, a resilient building should be able to endure all and stand strong. Real estate operators should have an insight to plan for such weather circumstances and be prepared to manage them. They should also suggest measures so that people can protect their property in case of emergency situations. Some strategies to minimize collapse of buildings and making them strong include estimation of energy consumption and usage of renewable energy sources, refurbishment of buildings, establishing heat recovery systems, simulation and remodelling of buildings, methods to increase building energy efficiency and impacts relevant to the area of construction.
Certain strategies and specific technologies can be adopted in order to make constructions more flexible to damage. In areas affected by frequent torrential downpours, roofs should be designed to contend intense rainfalls along with construction of buildings at elevated levels to avoid flooding of houses. Building of multi-storeyed houses can be a good option in such cases. Also, there should be adequate draining facilities so that the water doesn’t stay for too long after the rain ceases. In case of dealing with heat waves, adequate ventilation and air conditioning systems should be installed to cope with extremely high temperatures. As using huge air conditioners may result in greater power needs, hence passive designs or alternate energy sources can be used that will save energy during the colder months of the year. To deal with snowstorms and extreme winds, the building materials should be strong enough to withstand it. Moreover, it should have improved roof structure so that it is impact resistant and there should be proper external cladding. Countries with chilling weather should have highly insulated walls to keep away the cold.
All these adaption techniques and mitigation can help to lower the perils of the disastrous events and make buildings more adaptable. It will not only save our properties but also evade financial issues. With the adoption of correct plans and policies, much of the loss can be prevented. With proper strategies, innumerable buildings and lives can be saved every year.